Contemporary population genetics data for 23 Y-STR loci in the general Bosnian-Herzegovinian population
Keywords:Y chromosome, Y-STR, Bosnia and Herzegovina, PowerPlex Y23 system, population genetics
Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the South-Eastern Europe, characterized by numerous historical influences, massive migration processes and complex population structure. For that reason, the aim of this study is to provide an accurate and precise update of the population genetics data of allele frequencies on 23 Y-STR loci in Bosnia and Herzegovina using larger sample size. For this purpose, 480 adult male individuals from the general population have been genotyped over 23 Y-STR loci contained in the PowerPlex Y23 system. Population genetics parameters have been calculated, namely allele and haplotype frequencies, gene and haplotype diversity, as well as Rst and P values for the assessment of interpopulation differences. The obtained results are in close agreement with previously published data for Bosnian-Herzegovinian population, as well as for local subpopulations. This study offers significantly increased resolution and information content, with 454 unique haplotypes. Population comparison reveals no statistically significant differences between the study population and 12 European populations used for comparison, as visualized through an MDS plot and neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree. This study offers representative data for local Y chromosomes that can be used for forensic applications, paternity and kinship testing, as well as for genealogical studies.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
©Genetics & Applications, The Official Publication of the Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Sarajevo