For Authors

Author Guidelines

Manuscripts should be prepared using a standard word processing program and presented in a clear readable format with easily identified sections and headings.

Manuscript layout directions

  • Typed with 1.5 line spacing (A4 format) with numbered pages;
  • Font Times New Roman 12 should be used for the text and Times New Roman 11 for tables and references;
  • The sections should typically be assembled in the following order: Title, Authors, Authors’ full affiliations including department, city and state, Corresponding author, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, Conflict of Interest, References, Tables, List of figure captions;
  • Footnotes in the main text are to be avoided.


The title needs to be concise and informative. It should: (1) arrest the attention of a potential reader scanning a journal or a list of titles; (2) provide sufficient information to allow the reader to judge the relevance of a paper to his/her interests; (3) contain no more than 170 characters including spaces.

Authors and affiliations

The names and affiliations of the authors should be presented as follows:

Mirjana Beribaka1*, Selma Hafizović2, Amela Pilav3, Mirela Džehverović3, Damir Marjanović2,4,5, Jasmina Čakar3
1University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Technology, Zvornik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Science, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
4International Burch University (IBU), Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
*Correspondence: E-mail:


Abstract should contain up to 250 words. It should be complete and understandable with no references. It is important to attract the attention of potential readers. The context and the rationale of the study are presented succinctly to support the objectives. The experimental methods and main results are summarized but should not be overburdened by numerical or probability values. The abstract ends with a short and clear conclusion.


Keywords (3 to 5 words) should be short and specific separated with commas.


The introduction briefly outlines the context of the work, presents the current issues that the authors are addressing and the rationale to support the objectives and clearly defines the objectives. This section should include references relevant to the research. For hypothesis driven research, the hypothesis under test should be clearly stated.

Materials and methods

Materials and methods should be described in sufficient details so that it is possible for others to repeat the experiment. This section can contain subtitles if necessary.

Results and discussion

This section should present only the author’s own results and observations on the results, their significance for the subject-matter in question and a comparison with the results of other authors in the same field. The discussion section should avoid extensive repetition of the results.


In conclusions section summarize main points of your research.


In this section, the authors may acknowledge (max two sentences) their support staff, their funding sources (with research funder and/or grant number), their credits to companies or copyrighted material, etc.

Conflict Of Interest

Authors should declare any conflict of interest. Additionally, the conflict of interest must be declared in cover letter.


References should be cited in the text as follows: “The procedure used has been described elsewhere (Green, 1978), “or “Our observations are in agreement with those of Brown and Black (1979) and of White et al. (1980),”or with multiple references, in chronological order: “Earlier reports (Brown and Black, 1979, 1981; White et al., 1980; Smith, 1982, 1984)…. “.

In the list of references papers should be given in alphabetical order according to the surname of the first author.

Journal article

Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952a) The components of membrane conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. J Physiol (Lond) 116:473-496.  

Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952b) The dual effect of membrane potential on sodium conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. J Physiol (Lond) 116:497-506.


Shibamoto T, Bjeldanes LF (1993) Introduction to food toxicology. Academic Press Inc, San Diego.

Chapter in a book 

Rodricks JV (2009) Food. In: Lippmann M. (ed) Environmental toxicants: Human exposures and their health effects. John Wiley & Sons Inc, Hoboken, pp. 197-239.


Tables with title should be submitted within manuscript file after the Reference section.


Figures (including graphs) should be submitted within the main text, named by “Figure 1”. Figure title for each figure should be listed in main document after Tables or References section. A legend must be supplied for each illustration. Please submit only high quality figures. 


Article types

Genetics & Applications publishes five types of manuscripts: Reviews, Research Articles, Short Communications, Notes and Letters.


Reviews (RV)           

Review articles should be submitted by the Section Editor’s invitation only. Reviews submitted to G&A should be comprehensive, containing current information on a recent topic of importance. Review articles should contain an abstract, key words and acknowledgements and should not exceed 6000 words. Tables, figures and references are to be arranged in the same way as research articles in the journal.


Research Articles (RA)

Research article represents a substantial advance in understanding of an important problem and should report the results of original research that have not been previously published elsewhere. Original Research article must contain following sections: Title, Abstract, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements and References. The text should not exceed 10 printed pages including tables and figures (4000 words plus up to ten figures and/or tables).


Short Communications (SC)

Short communications should report preliminary and new data that should be presented to the scientific community prior to the completion of the full research. SC is not a publication that contains too few or too preliminary data to justify a full paper. It should not exceed 4 printed pages including tables and figures or 3000 words and up to 4 figures and/or tables.


Notes (NT)

Notes report research results or discoveries, which contain preliminary results of immediate interest, short articles with methodological approach (e.g. mathematical formulas in genetics) and protocol modifications. Notes should not contain abstract and must not exceed 2 pages with only one table and/or one figure.


Letters (LT)

Letters present early reports, preliminary research findings and survey research. Letters should contain Abstract and Introduction which can be divided into subsections. The text should not exceed 4000 words.

Submission checklist 

Please use checklist before submission to the Journal for review. Make sure that the following items are present:

  • One author that has been designated as the corresponding author should provide contact details (e-mail address and full postal address);
  • Cover Letter is mandatory and should contain permission for use of copyrighted material and declaration that there is no conflict of interest;
  • Manuscript should be prepared as recommended in section Article Types;
  • For figures include relevant captions;
  • For tables include titles, description and footnotes;
  • Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided;
  • Spelling and grammar need to be checked in the manuscript;
  • All references mentioned in the Reference List need to be cited in the text and vice versa;
  • Referee suggestions with contact details need to be provided.

Declaration of interest

All authors must declare if there is any conflict of interest, financial and personal relationships including employment, consultancies, stock ownership, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. This statement must certify that all authors have seen and approved the manuscript being submitted. The corresponding author is responsible for the submission of the manuscript, on behalf of all co-authors. It is necessary to confirm that all listed authors have contributed significantly, have read the manuscript and that research submitted to G&A is not under consideration elsewhere.

Changes to authorship

Authors should provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

Acceptance notification

After a manuscript has been accepted for publication in Genetics & Applications, the author(s) will automatically receive a notification. The accepted manuscript will be processed into page proofs, with all art and tables in place. The technical editor will send the corresponding author a galley proof by e‐mail or mail, which should be corrected and returned within 72 hours. Authors must check their proofs very carefully, because the approval indicates that all copyediting changes have been accepted unless corrections are returned to the production editor. Authors must also answer any copyediting queries listed on the last page of the proof. As long as the author(s) fail(s) to answer the queries or to perform requested modifications, their article will not be published in G&A.

Author’s copy

Author’s copy and instructions for handling these copies, will be made available to the corresponding author electronically. Queries are written only to request necessary information or clarification of an unclear passage or to draw attention to edits that may have altered the sense. It is the author’s responsibility to read the entire text, tables, and figure legends, not just items queried. Corrected proofs must be returned within two business days after notification of availability. If corresponding author has some questions and suggestions about page proof, he/she must notify technical editor so those suggestions can be evaluated and corrected before publishing.

Figures in the proofs are for validation of content and placement, not quality of reproduction or color accuracy. Print output of figures in the PDF page proofs will be of lower quality than the same figures viewed on a monitor. Important new information that has become available between acceptance of the manuscript and receipt of the proofs may be inserted as an addendum in proof with the permission of the editor. If references to unpublished data or personal communications are added, corresponding author must notify technical editor. Questions about proofs should be directed to the Editorial team of G&A (e-mail:; ; telephone, 387 33 220 926).



Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files.

Peer review

All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor’s decision is final.

Duties of Authors

Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient details and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.


Publication fee

There is no fee for article submission (ASC), article processing (APC) or publication.

Publication ethics

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement is based on the “Codes of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines” developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) ( The International Standards for Editors and Authors were developed at the 2nd WCRI (see

Ethics policy regarding human and other animal experiments

Human and other animal experiments research involving human or animal subjects, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee (

For research manuscripts reporting experiments on live vertebrates, the corresponding author must confirm that all experiments were performed in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. Corresponding author should submit a statement identifying the institutional or licensing committee approving the experiments, including any relevant details regarding welfare of subjects, patient anonymity and informed consent. G&A recommends following the ARRIVE reporting guidelines when documenting animal studies ( For experiments involving human subjects, authors must identify the committee approving the experiments, and include with their submission a statement confirming that informed consent was obtained from all subjects.


Plagiarism policy

Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are not allowed and they will be dealt with iThenticate plagiarism cheker ( by the University of Sarajevo.

Privacy policy

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Archiving policy

Genetics & Applications uses the LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) and CLOCKSS (Controlled Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) systems to ensure a secure and permanent archive for the journal. LOCKSS and CLOCKSS are open source software developed at Stanford University Library that enable libraries to preserve selected web journals by regularly polling registered journal websites for newly published content and archiving it. Each archive is continually validated against other library caches, and if content is found to be corrupted or lost, the other caches or the journal is used to restore it.

Conflict of interest disclosure

All authors must declare any conflict of interest, financial and personal relationships including employment, consultancies, stock ownership, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. This statement must certify that all authors have seen and approved the manuscript being submitted. The corresponding author is responsible for the submission of the manuscript, on behalf of all co-authors. It is necessary to confirm that all listed authors have contributed significantly, have read the manuscript and that research submitted to G&A is not under consideration elsewhere. Full disclosure is required when submitting paper to a journal.

The journal editor will use this information to inform editorial decisions, and may publish such disclosures to assist readers in evaluating the article. The editor may decide not to publish your article on the basis of any declared conflict. The conflict of interest must be declared in cover letter.

If there is no conflict of interest please state the following: “Authors declare no conflict of interest”.
If there is no disclosure, the following statement will be published: “No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.”

Copyright information

The journal applies the Creative Commons Attribution License (CCAL), CC BY-SA to all works we publish (read the human-readable summary or the full license legal code). Upon acceptance of their article, authors are requested to complete an assignment of copyright form, which transfers copyright to G&A. Appropriate attribution can be provided by citing the original article. This broad license was developed to facilitate open access to, and free use of, original works of all types. Applying this standard license to your own work will ensure your right to make your work freely and openly available. Learn more about open access. For more information about the license, please visit